The Unicef assessment mission into the juvenile justicy reforms achievements in Albania provides a report on the general background to the situation in Albania, its key findings and a list of recommendations. According to the study, there is a lack of a comprehensive system of juvenile justice in Albania:
- There is no juvenile justice law nor juvenile court, and with accused juveniles being prosecuted under special chapters of the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedure. Nevertheless, specialized judges and prosecutors have been appointed recently, in six courts.
- There are no detention nor correctional facilities exclusively for juveniles. Male juvenile offenders are confined in special sections of pretrial detention facilities and the special section of a prison; adolescent girls are detained and serve sentences in facilities for women.
- Juveniles under age 14 may not be prosecuted for any crime or offence, and those over age 16 may be prosecuted for any offence; those aged 14 or 15 may be prosecuted only for crimes. The maximum sentence that may be imposed on convicted juveniles is twelve years and six months.
- There are no closed educational facilities – and indeed, no rehabilitation programmes of any kind – for children under age 14 involved in criminal activity.
- The number of offences committed by children and juveniles in the most recent year for which data are available is 949, of which 253 were committed by children under age 14.10
- The number of juveniles sentenced in that year, 2006, was 268. The number of juveniles deprived of liberty is small: at the time of the assessment mission, there were 13 serving sentences and 59 in detention awaiting trial or the outcome of an appeals.