This report summarizes patterns and trends in the number of individual asylum claims submitted in Europe and selected non-European countries during 2010. Knowing how many people have sought refugee or asylum status is at the core of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) mandate. It is not only fundamental to respond efficiently to people’s needs but also essential in order to monitor trends. The data in this report is based on information available as of 9 March 2011 unless otherwise indicated. It covers the 38 European and six non-European States that currently provide monthly asylum statistics to UNHCR. Figures are mostly based on official asylum statistics, reflecting national laws and procedures. In addition, UNHCR conducted refugee status determination under its mandate in a number of countries included in this report. Annex Table 2 provides trends in selected countries neighbouring Europe, based on annual data. The group of countries analysed in this report is collectively referred to as “the 44 industrialized countries” and has been defined as such for the purpose of this report only. The 44 countries are: 27 Member States of the European Union, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Turkey, as well as Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea and the United States of America. The group of 44 countries received an estimated 358,800 asylum applications in 2010. The numbers in this report reflect asylum claims made at the first instance of asylum procedures. Applications on appeal or review are not included, nor is information on the outcome of asylum procedures or on the admission of refugees through resettlement programmes, as such details are available in other UNHCR reports.