More than 7,200 Romanian children and youth aged 15 to 19 are living with HIV. The vast majority were infected with HIV between 1986 and 1991 as a direct result of government policies that exposed them to contaminated needles and microtransfusions in which small children were injected with unscreened blood in the mistaken belief that this would improve their immunological status. This 104-page report documents violations of the rights of these children and youth to education, health, privacy and information. It also shows how the authorities fail to protect these children and youth from discrimination, abuse and neglect. This report is based on field research conducted in Bacau, Bucharest, Constanta, Giurgiu, and Ilfov counties in February 2006, and follow-up telephone and email contacts through June 2006.