Due to the development and the increase of new forms of technology, online sexual exploitation of children is on the rise internationally, with estimations suggesting that tens of thousands of children around the world could be suffering from this type of exploitation. The victims could be from any gender, ethnic or socio-economic background, and be both young children and adolescents. The online sexual exploitation of children is low in financial cost and carries a low risk of capture, all the while being greatly profitable for the offenders. Meanwhile, addressing online sexual exploitation of children is a challenging endeavor and due to minimal training and experience in this area, presents difficulties for the capturing and prosecution of offenders, as well as for the provision of adequate services for victims. It is therefore of paramount importance that governments increase their efforts in tackling this growing phenomenon.